Urban Public Transport and Public Space

Urban Public Transport and the Recapture of Public Space

Expert Mission from 17 - 20 July 2018 in Trujillo, Peru


From 17 to 20 July 2018, two German municipal experts from Hamburg and Nuremberg, and a municipal expert from the Mexican City of Metepec supported the Provincial Municipality of Trujillo in Peru in two different mobility projects.  

The first project “Recapturing Public Urban Space” in Trujillo was designed to support a pilot project to change the use of an inner-city street. The second project supported the development of a new concept for bus stops in the city with regard to the alteration of the bus routing concept in Trujillo. Both projects have been identified for further support by Connective Cities in the course of the Connective Cities workshop on sustainable urban development and improved public transportation in Trujillo in 2017.  Against this background and in consultation with other bilateral projects of the German-Peruvian cooperation, this expert mission was planned in cooperation with the city of Trujillo.

During these four days of the expert mission, the two local project teams and other staff members of the municipality of Trujillo met with the international experts. They explained the current challenges and plans during workshops and field-visits, learned about examples from the cities of the experts, exchanged experiences of individual aspects and overall procedures, and clarified questions within the framework of collegial consultation. Afterwards, these inputs and discussions were used to adapt and complement the development of the two projects.

In the course of the expert assignment, the development of both projects advanced. The project "Recapturing Public Urban Space" was particularly concerned with one part of Av. Espana, a street in the city centre of Trujillo. The local challenges are the current use of sidewalks and streets by local and informal retail, the blocking of one traffic lane by parked vehicles, continuous traffic jams during the day, and the unsafe situation for pedestrians and cyclists. The main objective was to reflect the individual solutions developed so far by the city administration in a participatory and comprehensive approach, taking into account the various interests of the actors involved and the conflicts of use. The aim of this project was to improve urban services and thus to improve the quality of life of citizens in accordance with the objectives of sustainable urban development.

Questions of communication with the various interest groups and methods of participation as well as the overall process design were at the centre of the discussion.  In the framework of the working sessions, a new concept for the implementation of the project has been developed within and across the teams, resulting in very concrete proposals. Immediately after the event, these proposals were incorporated into local processes, e.g. the application for funds.

The second project concerning the new concept for bus stops aimed to support the creation of a handbook on the installation, use and maintenance of bus stops for different target groups. The need arose from the new route planning of the urban buses and the planned installation of bus stops.  While the operation of urban public transport is carried out exclusively by private bus companies, the city acts as an important regulatory authority with regard to the guarantee and design of public transport services. The development of the bus stop system lies at the junction between municipal responsibility and the tasks of the private operators. The list of challenges in this phase of the project planning comprised the question of (minimum) standards and ideal infrastructure, equipment, design and information, urban planning and technical aspects, as well as safety and social aspects (inclusion), and communicative aspects for passengers.

Within the framework of this mission, the different aspects could be examined on the basis of practical examples (e.g. design of stops in historical city centres) and experiences of the international experts (e.g. requirements for stops for barrier-free transport, location of stops for better traffic safety at intersections). Furthermore, economic aspects (financing, budget, fundraising, number of stops) as well as technological possibilities of information for bus drivers and passengers were included in the analysis. 

Finally, the project further advanced through the interactive, intensive and practice-oriented exchange among the practitioners and experts. This was also reported by the participants in their evaluation. Knowledge sharing and collegial cooperation between the local and international experts, as well as between the various departments of the city administration, contributed to the development of the projects and the evolvement of new innovative ideas.  The next steps of the process imply the clarification and documentation of the planning by the local representatives, the composition of internal project teams and the application for respective funding.