Urban Renewal in the Historic Town Centre of Jakarta

Starting the path towards UNESCO World Heritage List nomination - The Case of Kota Tua

Regional Peer-Learning and Action Planning Workshop, 17 - 19 July 2017 in Jakarta, Indonesia

Urban heritage specialists and planners from the Asian region and from Germany on July 17-19, 2017 gathered in Jakarta for a three-day workshop to discuss and advise the rehabilitation of the Old Town (Kota Tua) of Jakarta. Formerly known as Batavia and famous for its role in early global trade, particularly spices, Jakarta now is the vibrant capital of Indonesia and home to more than 12 million inhabitants.
The regional peer-learning and action planning workshop was organized by Connective Cities in cooperation with United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) World Secretariat and United Cities and Local Governments Asia-Pacific (UCLG Aspac).


Whereas good practices from participating cities in the Asian region (Guangzhou, Makati, Bogor, Semarang, Surabaya, Vigan) and from Germany (Essen, Nuremberg, Goerlitz, Tuebingen) were exchanged and lessons learnt for possible transfer, the key objective was to provide recommendations to the Jakarta City Government on how to proceed with the strategy to rehabilitate the old town and its surroundings, comprising of more than 300 hectares and four nearby islands that were used as shipyards during colonial times. Besides this general objective the special intention was to obtain more knowledge and support in the nomination process for Kota Tua to be inscribed as Historic City on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.

Agenda & Presentations

WORKSHOP PROGRAM: 

Regional Peer-Learning and Action Planning Workshop: Urban Renewal in Historic Town Centres (The Case of Kota Tua in Jakarta) and Public Space Improvement in Jakarta
[pdf, 10 pages, 728 kb]

KEY NOTE:

Urban Renewal in the German and the European Context
Dr.-Ing. Timo Munzinger, Association of German Cities (Deutscher Städtetag)
[pdf, 32 pages, 1,60 mb]

JAKARTA'S EXPERIENCE:

Jakarta City Government’s Programme and Policies on Kota Tua Revitalization
Tuty Kusumawati, Head of Regional Development Planning Board
[pdf, 26 pages, 7,44 mb]

Lessons Learnt from Jakarta on Public Space Policy - RPTRA Kalijodo Case Study
dr. Dien Emawati, Head of Dinas PPAPP
[pdf, 14 pages, 3,50 mb, Indonesian language]

GOOD PRACTICES PRESENTATION:

Topic 1. Policy options for preservation of historic town centres in the context of urban transformation

Policy Options for Preservation of Historic Town Centres in Germany
Dr.-Ing. Timo Munzinger, Association of German Cities (Deutscher Städtetag)
[pdf, 6 pages, 906 kb]

Revitalizing Kota Lama, Semarang
Mr. Ismet, Bappeda Semarang City Planning Agency
[pdf, 28 pages, 4,91 mb]

Topic 2. Revitalization of Urban Public Space through cultural strategies

XiDi Streetscape Design and Environmental Quality Improvement of Pearl River in Guangzhou, China
Mr. Sun Zebin & Mr. Chen Zhibin, Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute(GZPI)
[pdf, 16 pages, 12,42 mb]

Revitalization of Urban Public Space through Cultural Strategies - Surabaya City’s Experience in Public Space Preserves Culture
Herlambang Sucahyo & David Sagita, Surabaya City Planning Agency
[pdf, 25 pages, 6,32 mb]

Bogor City Experience in Public Space Development
TBA

Makati City Good Practice on Public Space Preserve Culture
Mr. Dwayne Samarista, Makaty City Government

Planning and Management of Urban Renewal – Insights from German Cities
Dr. Christine Meyer, STEG Stadtentwicklung GmbH
[pdf, 11 pages, 2,21 mb]

Topic 3. Integrated and sustainable development of historical areas

Integrated Urban Renewal – “Nuremberg old town“
Frank Belzer, City of Nuremberg
[pdf, 13 pages, 4,25 mb]

Sustainable and Integrated Cultural Heritage Management in Surakarta
Endah Sitahresmi, Solo City Public Works Department
[pdf, 18 pages, 3,60 mb]

Community Participation - A Heritage Conservation Practice for Sustainable Urban Revitalization (Heritage City of Vigan)
Juan Carlo Medina, Vigan City
[pdf, 11 pages, 8,07 mb]

Topic 4. Governance and management of cultural heritage preservation

Essen’s Cultural Heritage of “Zeche Zollverein”
Dr.-Ing. Irene Wiese-von Ofen, City of Essen
[pdf, 13 pages, 1,76 mb]

Results

Recommendations in strategic terms were given regarding a review of the existing masterplan for Kota Tua, especially concerning recognition of the "Outstanding Universal Values" ("OUV") of the existing urban environment and monuments to meet the "OUV" criteria of a UNESCO nomination. A further recommendation was to think about the extension of a possible buffer zone and how the islands may be included and whether the buffer zone might comprise the overall urban renewal area.
The rehabilitation of the area then - based on the existing legal instruments, urban development goals and local laws of heritage nominations - would raise the chances to mobilise financial resources available as well as increase commitment of owners and other stakeholders. Start of the rehabilitation process of selected monuments, that have high quality and relevance for the preservation of the entire ensemble, would benefit the overall nomination process.
This strategy should be based on a systematic approach to mobilise owners of the buildings and get their support and commitment based on specific instruments related to tax exemptions, advise on reconstruction work and individual consultations on appropriate future uses of properties. Moreover, the rehabilitation of public space might be an important incentive for this intended private sector driven reconstruction approach.
In institutional terms, the creation of a sub-district of its own (Kota Tua and Islands) could greatly facilitate the rehabilitation process by allowing to allocate sufficient management authority and resources to one distinct level of government.
The application for inscription on the World Heritage List would thus be an accompanying process in collaboration with the national level institutions (in charge of putting up a “Tentative List”), that needs special procedures and time. The progress in rehabilitation has its own very important value for Kota Tua, but to the same extent it adequately supports the application process.

Report

Urban Renewal in the Historic Town Centre of Jakarta
[pdf, 8 pp., 1927kb, English Version]

 

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